Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Nearly 75% of adults suffer from gum problems to varying degrees in their lives.
The first appearance of the disease is in the form of gingivitis. If left untreated, it can turn into periodontitis. At this stage, the bone that supports the teeth begins to deteriorate. Without treatment, teeth become mobile and will need to be extracted.
Symptoms include red and swollen gums, bleeding when brushing, pain and bad breath.
The dentist can diagnose and treat periodontal disease as they arise. Periodontal treatment aims to restore healthy gums. It usually requires a deep scaling, or the removal of plaque and tartar accumulated on the teeth, or root planing, a technique to smooth the root of the tooth, once the debris is removed. This procedure is done under local anesthesia.
Deep cleaning (root planing)
When your gums are deficient in “attached gums” this protective barrier, a recession occurs. The tissue graft restores the thickness and height to this weakened gums. The graft strengthens the tissues to stop its deterioration and protect the tooth.
When a recession is present, the tooth becomes more susceptible to hypersensitivity and dental caries.